Tucumán

Universities: 4
Students: 75.627
Inhabitants: 527.607

Known as “The Garden of the Republic”, it is the country’s sixth largest city and the most important in the region of the Great North of Argentina. Its historical importance owes much to being the city where Argentina’s Declaration of Independence took place on July 9th, 1816.

In 2000, the National Government declared San Miguel de Tucumán a Historic City, both for its role in Argentine history and for its architectural heritage, including particularly The House of Independence, where Argentina’s independence was declared.

The province of Tucumán also offers a wide variety of tourist attractions, from archeological sites and natural reserves (valleys, yungas and mountains) to handicrafts and a rich cultural heritage.

One of its most famous routes goes through the Calchaquí­ Valley, where history, nature, traditions, archaeology and myths come together in an exceptional combination. Here is also Tafí­ del Valle, at 2000 meters above sea level, with a wondrous view over the yungas, and the Sacred City of Quilmes, a pre-Hispanic settlement dating from 800 AD.

At Amaicha del Valle, you can see remains of petrified forest and salt flats. This city also holds the Pachamama Festival, a yearly celebration that pays homage to Mother Earth, originating in ancient native festivities related to fertility for livestock and crops.